When Mount Vesuvius erupted in the year 79 AD, near now Naples, Italy, the city of Pompeii was destroyed and buried in pyroclastic flows, rock and ash killing thousands of people. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius is one of the most catastrophic and famous eruptions of all time. The explosion threw plume of stones, ash and deadly gas to a height of 20.5 miles, ejecting molten rock and crushed pumice at the speed of 1.5 million tons per second.
The eruption destroyed the nearby city of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The city of Pompeii once stood an ancient orchard known as the “Garden of the Fugitives” and former port town buried in volcanic materials became the grave of thousands of Pompeians in their horrifying last moments endlessly frozen in time.
Centuries later, Pompeii was excavated by archaeologists unearthing a town buried under a thick layer of volcanic ash, rocks, and dirt.
Artifacts and building structures were discovered, but archaeologists were not prepared to the scenes left by the last moments of Pompeians.
Diggers uncovered decomposed bodies of countless victims, to preserve it, plaster was poured into the decomposed bodies and it was removed after the plaster hardened.
They discovered thirteen adults and children clustered together in one place, making useless attempts to shield themselves from the impending terrifying death.
“The Garden of Fugitives” was named after them.
The horrifying scene in “The Garden of Fugitives” is the exact moment and place of their death.
These people died instantly, reminding us they once live and stroll the land. It also tells us the destructive power of volcanoes.
A part of Pompeii today…
This is the illustrated Pompeii reconstruction made by CyArk/University of Ferrara.
The film “Pompeii” was based on this true-to-life story.
Seeing what happened to Pompeii, I remember when a sleeping volcano Mt. Pinatubo suddenly releases its anger that almost erased Central Luzon in the map of the Philippines. The effects of the eruption were felt worldwide.